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[置顶] ThinkPHP学习(一) Windows下Nginx+PHP5+ThinkPHP_3.2.1的安装与配置

2016年05月29日 PHP, web服务器, Windows ⁄ 共 4094字 ⁄ 字号 暂无评论

工具原料:

Nginx153:

网盘下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1qWNgLf2

php-5.3.28-nts-Win32-VC9-x86

网盘下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1pdukY

ThinkPHP_3.2.1

网盘下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1pJlpfuj

RunHiddenConsole 是一个用来隐藏 DOS窗口的小程序

网盘下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1gd7kApP

开始安装,其实就是解压文件:

解压Nginx到“F:\Nginx153”;

解压RunHiddenConsole到“F:\Nginx153”;

解压PHP5到“F:\PHP\php5328Win32”;

解压ThinkPHP到“F:\PHP”;

修改PHP配置文件

修改“F:\PHP\php5328Win32”目录下的文件“php.ini-development”的文件名,把“-development”去掉就可以,文件内容先不做任何修改。

修改Nginx配置文件

用文本编辑器,本人使用Notepad++打开“F:\Nginx153\conf”目录下的“Nginx.conf”文件,

配置文件内容如下,重点位置用中文简单注释了一下:

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80; #//端口号
        server_name  localhost; #//域名,主机头值

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   F:\\www\\html; #//站点根目录
            index  index.html index.htm index.php; #//默认页
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           F:\\PHP;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}
		
		#ThinkPHP配置
		location ~ .*\.php.* {
			root           F:\\PHP; #//ThinkPHP框架文件位置
			fastcgi_pass	127.0.0.1:9000;
			fastcgi_index	index.php;
			include	fastcgi.conf;
			set	$real_script_name	$fastcgi_script_name;
			fastcgi_param	SCRIPT_FILENAME	$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
			fastcgi_param	SCRIPT_NAME		$real_script_name;
			fastcgi_param	PATH_INFO		$path_info;
			if ($fastcgi_script_name ~ "^(.+?\.php)(/.+)$") {
				set	$real_script_name	$1;
				set	$path_info	$2;
			}
		}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl                  on;
    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_protocols  SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers   on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}

fastcgi.conf的文件内容:

“Nginx.conf”文件的目录下新建一个文本文件,然后重命名为“fastcgi.conf”,把以下内容粘贴进去,保存就可以了。
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  HTTPS              $https if_not_empty;

fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

创建启动服务批处理(.bat)文件,文件名“start_nginx.bat”,文件内容如下:

@echo off
echo Starting PHP FastCGI...
RunHiddenConsole ../php/php5328Win32/php-cgi.exe -b 127.0.0.1:9000 -c ../php/php5328Win32/php.ini
echo Starting nginx...
nginx.exe

pause

创建停止服务批处理(.bat)文件,文件名“stop_nginx.bat”,文件内容如下:

@echo off
echo Stopping nginx...
taskkill /F /IM nginx.exe > nul
echo Stopping PHP FastCGI...
taskkill /F /IM php-cgi.exe > nul
exit

见证奇迹的时刻:

双击“start_nginx.bat”启动服务,会打开一个DOS窗口,最小化或关闭即可;

打开浏览器,在地址栏输入“http://localhost/index.php”,回车,看到几个大字了吗?

欢迎使用 ThinkPHP

恭喜你,环境配置成功了!

下一篇:ThinkPHP学习(二)理清ThinkPHP的目录结构及访问规则,创建第一个控制器